• SEATED HUMANOID FIGURE, NEOLITHIC PERIOD, HONGSHAN CULTURE
  • JADE RING DEPICTING A FLYING APSARA
  • KOREAN STAR MAP OF KING YI TAI-JO
  • SRÎ CAKRASAMVARA MANDALA

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  • Seated deity with hands resting on bent knees, four large tines rise in pairs from the top of the head. The back is marked by four thin, worn down, raised lines, forming a downward pointing double isosceles triangle. Yellowish blue-green jade with areas of brown tan - 13.6 x 3.6 cm. Northeastern China, probably Hongshan culture (approx. 4710-2920 BC).
  • An outstanding, pure pale greenish-white jade ring with the rare Buddhist motive of a gracefully modelled celestial being (Skt. Apsara, Tbt. Dakini). During the Song period Buddhism and Daoism had a great effect on people's lives, beliefs and daily activities in China, and Chinese literature on spirituality was popular. China, probably Song dynasty (960–1279 AD) or earlier (Tang dynasty).
  • A comprehensive, digital vector-map of the ancient Chinese and Korean celestial planispheres. The map is diligently reproduced from the original Chonsang Yolcha Bunya-Ji-Do (1395 AD), as well as from the still existing Chinese and Japanese counterparts. It shows a total of 283 constellations and 1464 stars.
  • Srî-Cakrasamvara-Wheel – based on the 102 deities Mandala of Luipa transmitted by Tson-kha-pa. Digital vector map showing the 102 Vajrayâna Devatâs of the Tantric cycle of Samvara/Bde-mchog. The tantras containing the revelations are respectively known as the Cakrasambara and the Sambara-Tantra.
Hongshan Jade
Semi-translucent yellowish-green jade humanoid - Hongshan culture --> Aohan Banner --> Inner Mongolia
Semi-translucent yellowish-green jade humanoid. Extremely smooth nephritic material, with a high gloss (baojiang) and areas of natural color infiltration. On the reverse site a looped, tear shaped hole pierces the neck. Origin: probably Hongshan culture, Aohan-Banner, northeastern China, ca. 4710-2920 BC.
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Celestial Planisphere
Chonsang Yolcha Bunya-Ji-Do (1395 AD - Chinese and Korean celestial planispheres
A comprehensive, digital vector-map of the ancient Chinese and Korean celestial planispheres. The map is diligently reproduced from the original Chonsang Yolcha Bunya-Ji-Do (1395 AD), as well as from the still existing Chinese and Japanese counterparts. It shows a total of 283 constellations and 1464 stars.
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The Cakrasamvara Mandala
Sri Cakrasamvara Mandala according to Lûyî
This is the first exhaustive, comprehensive digital and scalable vector map of the ancient traditional Sri Cakrasamvara Mandala according to Lûyî.
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Preface

Tibetan Ritual Art & Jade Ornaments of the Hongshan (紅山文化) cultures

This exhibition is devoted to the ancient arts of Asia, focusing on a highly individual topic, the prehistoric jade-carving cultures of northeastern China. Despite its emphasis on Chinese archaic jade, the collection has been augmented by various other groups of objects, ranging from Tibetan, Tibeto-Chinese and Mongolian Buddhist ritual art to Inner Mongolian jade figures, pig-dragons, birds, protective amulets and other ceremonial archetypes, remains from past Inner and East Asian cultures. The selected examples open a door to a remarkably fascinating world, providing insight into inspired visions, esoteric sciences and the ingenious command of medium that enabled the past skilled craftsmen to imbue the awareness of the metaphysical, formless realms upon the MATER of this ""desire realm"" of embodiment, Jambudvîpa—home of the humans. Each of the items has been attentively selected for its conceptual clarity, subtle and elegant sophistication of form, most vibrant visual power and arcane aura. The collection has been formed over many decades and the first jade objects in the INNAJA collection have been acquired as early as the first half of the last century, when little was known about the religious and decorative arts of eastern Asia. At this time, interest and appreciation was largely unfamiliar to the West and only a few leading international art dealers and collectors have made a difference (see: Introduction). More pieces had gradually become available and added to the collection over the past decades. The exhibits were chosen for their rare artistic distinction and have been appropriately photographed and arranged for this online-exhibition. Many artworks in the INNAJA collection have never been published before and are accessible in this comprehensive context for the first time to the public. The collection is conceived as an integrated whole that may be enhanced from time to time. The exhibition is free, non-commercial and non-for-profit. We are pleased to have the opportunity to transmit the supernatural wisdom and bliss that is present in this devotional religious imagery—legacy of a fantastic past.

Neither of the archaic jades in the INNAJA collection has an archeologically attested provenance recorded indeed. However, under the disclosure of recent investigations and through comparison, it might be attempted to establish a relation of some jades in the INNAJA collection—and eventually attribute them—to the Neolithic Pre-Hongshan and Hongshan jade-carving cultures, where scientific methodological explorations of burials, tombs and other remains recovered jade funerary and prestige objects exposing similar unusual colors, stylistic and material characteristics and craftmanship, dating back 9,000 years. With field surveys conducted in recent years and the increase of controlled excavations and archaeological endeavors in northeastern China, museums and galleries have redefined and redated many early Chinese jades in their collections, which where once associated to the Shang (Chn. 商朝, ca. 16th century-1046 BC) or Chou (Chn: 周朝, ca. 11th century-259 BC) dynasty. This mentioned beforehand, some jades on display bears an intrinsic similarity with comparable examples in collections, publications and from recent excavations. They might belong to the Hongshan culture (ca. 4710-2920 BC) which developed in the arid southeastern and central plains of eastern Inner Mongolian (Neî Menggu), western Liaoning and northern Hebei provinces. Others might occasionally originate from the steppes and deserts of northern China's east western corridor, stretching from the offshoots of the Ala-Shan-Mai desert in today's northernmost Gansu, to the arid, transitional, forest-steppe zones of Manchuria.
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