Official acceptance of the Hongshan culture (pinyin: hóngshan wénhuà), and with it the Neolithic cultures of the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region, dates back to 1935 when the Japanese Hamada Kosaku and Mizuno Seiichi start to unearth the Hongshanhou (pinyin: hóngshanhòu) site in Hongshan District, Chifeng, Inner Mongolia. The official discovery of the first Hongshan site however, dates back to 1908 when the Japanese archaeologist Torii Ryuzo discovered the Hongshan culture for the first time.
Today the area where Hongshan finds has been made includes more than three-hundred sites. Pre-Hongshan sites has been discovered more than two-hundred, stretching from south-western Inner Mongolia to western Liaoning of North-East China. Relatively few of this sites has yet been excavated and protected. Due to Randy Anderson from the La Trobe University, more than one hundred archaeological sites have thus far been identified as Xinglongwa, but only about ten have been excavated. In the case of Zhaobaogou sites, nearly one hundred have been identified so far, but, as with Xinglongwa sites, only about ten have been excavated. The Chifeng International Collaborative Archeological Research Project CICARP, studying neolithic regional settlement pattern in the Chifeng region and surrounding areas has located additional, previously undiscovered sites. read more